Indigenous: How to Make Bannock

About Bannock

Bannock is a type of fry bread, which originates from Scotland but was eventually adopted by the Indigenous peoples of Canada, particularly the Métis of western Canada. 

The bread was brought to Canada by Scottish explorers and traders, where the Indigenous adopted the recipe over the 18th and 19th centuries, using corn flour or plants rather than the wheat flour of the Europeans.  The Scottish cooked the bread on a griddle called a Bannock Stone, which they placed on the floor in front of a fire.

(Vegetarian, Vegan)


  • 6 cups flour
  • 1/3 cups baking powder
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • 1/4 cups vegetable or canola oil
  • 3 cups luke warm water


Step 1
Mix flour, baking powder and salt into a bowl. Mix well.

Step 2
Add oil into luke warm water and slowly stir it into dry ingredients until mixed. Do not over stir.

Step 3
Set bowl aside and let the dough rise for about 10 minutes.

Step 4
Once the dough has risen, turn it out onto a lightly floured surface and knead gently about 10 times. Pat into a flat circle between 3/4 to 1 inch thick.

Step 3
Deep fry bannock until golden brown (3 to 5 minutes), flipping to cook on each side. Bannock can also be cooked on a greased frying pan over medium heat, allowing about 15 minutes for each side. It may also be baked on a greased baking sheet at 350 degrees F for 25 to 30 minutes.

Step 5
Set fried or baked bannock to the side for 2 minutes, on paper towel.

Step 6 
Enjoy! Be creative with this dish - you can add jam, peanut butter or savoury toppings to bannock. Best eaten while warm.


Be sure to post your cooking results on social media using the hashtag #SurreyFusion and tag @surreybcevents.

Support local businesses and check out Bannock Queen for booking and inquiries. 


About Indigenous Peoples of Canada

The history of Indigenous peoples in Canada is rich and diverse. This history stretches long into the past before the arrival of the European newcomers with diverse interactions among different peoples, flourishing trade and fierce conflict, and competition for lands and resources. The history of First Nations, Inuit and Métis is essentially the very history of Canada as they have played, and continue to play important roles in its development and its future.


Indigenous people have lived in the area now known as B.C. for more than 10,000 years. They developed their own societies, cultures, territories and laws. When European explorers and settlers first came to B.C. in the mid-18th century, the province was home to thousands of Indigenous people.

Today, there are approximately 200,000 Indigenous people in British Columbia. They include First Nations, Inuit and Métis. There are 198 distinct First Nations in B.C., each with their own unique traditions and history. More than 30 different First Nation languages and close to 60 dialects are spoken in the province.


Indigenous food in particular is considered very Canadian. Métis in Canada played a particularly important role in the origin of Canada and Canadian cuisine. Foods such as bannock, moose, deer, bison, pemmican, maple taffy, and Métis stews such as barley stew are all either traditional Indigenous foods or originated in Canada with roots in Indigenous cuisines, and are eaten widely throughout the country. 


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